Crop Protection Market Pressure Leading to Supplier Consolidation | AgriBusiness Global

"Unless you’ve been completely out of touch with the agricultural marketplace the past two years, you know that one of the major trends impacting today’s crop protection supplier industry is consolidation.

From the Big Six companies that dominated the crop protection supplier landscape at the start of the 2010s, there will soon be only a Big Four left in their place, with several other smaller players jockeying for position.

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Agribusinss Chemical Deals and Acquisitions 1024x946

While this might seem completely unprecedented in its scope, V.M. (Jim) DeLisi, Owner of Fanwood Chemical (which provides detailed agrichemical import and export reports, technical marketing of custom manufacturing services, and regulatory services), said the crop protection products marketplace has seen this kind of ‘consolidation’ on a semi-regular basis for many decades now. ‘Major mergers in this sector have occurred about every 15 years since 1970,’ said DeLisi, speaking at the 2017 AgriBusiness Global Trade Summit in Las Vegas, NV. ‘In fact, 40 to 60 agrichemical companies that were doing business during in 1970 disappeared or ended up part of one of the current mega companies since that time.’

As for why the industry is witnessing this latest round of mergers in 2017, you need look no further than current conditions in the overall agricultural market. ‘The largest driver of agriichemical mergers is the market price for crops such as corn and soybeans,’ said DeLisi. ‘Corn prices in 2008 were $8 per bushel. In 2016, they were $3 per bushel. So in essence, the agricultural market lost $15 billion in value between 2008 and 2016. These kinds of losses have impacted ALL the suppliers to this market. And it’s put most growers in a kind of ‘survival mode’ when it comes to spending money and looking for ways to increase their profits.’

In many cases, this means growers are looking to crop protection/seed companies for new innovations/products to help manage increasingly aggressive/resistant pests/weeds, he said. ‘New product development costs, for both seeds and chemicals, are in the range of $300 million to $500 million in development and registration globally,’ said DeLisi. ‘Only the latest companies have the resources and leverage to both finance and then recapture this level of investment in an attempt to ‘stay ahead of the weeds and bugs.’ Mergers were chosen as the path to increased revenues to allow for more research and development expenditures while protecting shareholder value.’"

Source: Crop Protection Market Pressure Leading to Supplier Consolidation | AgriBusiness Global


A Big Week for the Future of Pesticide Authorization in the EU | AgriBusiness Global

"The politically charged debate surrounding the future use of a number of key agricultural pesticides continues in Europe this week.

At the European Commission, the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed (ScoPAFF) meet Oct. 5–6 to discuss the ‘EU Renewal of Glyphosate.’ 

The license for glyphosate will expire this Dec. 15, and in order for the license to stand any chance of being renewed it is crucial to have a positive outcome from these discussions prior to that date.

In advance of these meetings and in support of its commitment to EU farmers, Kleffmann attended a lunch discussion on Oct. 3 at the European Parliament (Strasbourg) to discuss the possible agricultural impact in case of a non-renewal. Dr. Bob Fairclough (Kleffmann Consulting Division) presented data from two recent Kleffmann studies that showed what the real cost to growers in Poland and Germany would be along with similar data for the UK; as undertaken by Oxford Economics.

As Fairclough explains, ‘There is little question that the social-economic costs associated with non-renewal far outweigh any perceived benefits.’ Fairclough adds: ‘These costs also go well beyond ‘pounds and pence’ and would have negative consequences for the environment; for instance, in the form of increasing CO2 emissions due to increased cultivation activity in the absence of glyphosate and for the consequent detrimental impact on soil structure for years to come.’

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Source: A Big Week for the Future of Pesticide Authorization in the EU | AgriBusiness Global


The effect of pre-harvest glyphosate on quality of milling oats | Top Crop Manager

"Christian Willenborg, associate professor with the College of Agriculture and Bioresources at the University of Saskatchewan, initiated a small study in 2015 to collect some initial research data and find a way to lend science to the decision-making process.

‘We were surprised at the announcement that some milling quality oats would not be accepted if treated with glyphosate, and frankly, this didn’t sit well with me.

But there was no science on this and so we immediately established a one-season ‘look-see’ trial in 2015 at two locations near Saskatoon to compare different harvest systems and their effects on quality of milling oats,’ he says.

‘We compared two different oat cultivars: CDC Dancer, a medium maturity cultivar, and AC Pinnacle, a later maturing cultivar.

The oats were managed using typical agronomy practices, including a seeding rate of 300 seeds per square metre (seeds/m2) targeting 250 plants per square metre (plants/m2) and fertilized for a target yield of 150 bushels per acre.’ "

Source: The effect of pre-harvest glyphosate on quality of milling oats | Top Crop Manager

There is a link below directly to the digital edition.


EU pesticide debate needs more “independent expertise” – Macron – The Western Producer

"France and the European Union need independent scientific experts to guide them on divisive environmental issues such as pesticides, French President Emmanuel Macron said, criticising some research as prone to lobbying pressures.

The EU has struggled to find a consensus on farming questions such as pesticides and genetically modified crops, and is still debating whether to extend the licence of popular weedkiller glyphosate.

In a speech on food and farming on Wednesday, Macron reiterated France’s support for phasing out glyphosate, and argued that independent expertise along with investment in innovations would bring solutions to environmental problems.

‘I would like us to be able to bring together the conditions whereby we can have independent scientific expertise on each of these (environmental) subjects and that we have the same requirements at EU level,’ he said."

Source: EU pesticide debate needs more “independent expertise” – Macron – The Western Producer


France Will Not Support Roundup License Renewal in EU | AgriBusiness Global

"France is set to oppose a EU vote on the controversial herbicide glyphosate, the main ingredient in Monsanto’s market-leading weedkiller Roundup, writes Laurence Banville on the LegalHerald.com.

Citing concerns over the chemical’s safety, French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe says his country will vote against relicensing glyphosate for sale throughout the EU.

The announcement comes as over 1,000 Roundup lawsuits make their way through federal and state courts in the United States. A wave of farmers, gardeners, landscapers and nursery workers have accused Monsanto of concealing the link between glyphosate exposure and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a type of blood cancer."

Source: France Will Not Support Roundup License Renewal in EU | AgriBusiness Global


Latest U.S. trade dispute is over B.C.’s wine sales practices | Fruit & Vegetable

"As dairy products, Bombardier aircraft and softwood lumber continue to bedevil trade relations between Canada and the U.S., negotiators will have to add wine to their list of issues to resolve.

The U.S. has filed a second complaint with the World Trade Organization (WTO) over what it perceives as B.C.’s unfair rules regarding wine sales in the province’s grocery stores, according to a release from the WTO"

Source: Latest U.S. trade dispute is over B.C.’s wine sales practices | Fruit & Vegetable


News release: New portable sensor detects food allergens in minutes – October 10, 2017

"An estimated 2.5 million Canadians report an allergy to at least one food, according to Food Allergy Canada. 

Peanut allergies alone affect the lives of approximately two in every 100 Canadian children.

As the list of food allergens continues to grow, there is a genuine need for a quick and accurate allergen test whether you are scrutinizing every snack for your child, or conducting randomized testing on a food production line. 

Current allergen testing can take hours, when minutes can make all the difference.

A new technology developed at the University of Guelph successfully shaves valuable hours off accurate testing, and will soon be widely available in Canada."

Source: News release: New portable sensor detects food allergens in minutes – October 10, 2017


Pea plant talks continue in Moose Jaw – The Western Producer

"Negotiations continue between the City of Moose Jaw and Canadian Protein Innovation on possible construction of a $100-million pea processing facility.

The city says it had extended the deadline to reach an agreement on the land purchase and servicing agreement until Nov. 30.

A previous extension from Aug. 31 to Oct. 3 had also been granted.

‘It’s a big project,’ said the city’s economic development officer Jim Dixon. ‘Each party is doing its due diligence and we’re really trying to work through the servicing agreement and to make the transactional land purchase happen and we’re very confident it will happen.’

The proponents outlined the project at an open house about a year ago.

CPI intends to process yellow peas into fractions of starch, protein and fibre for use in products such as noodles, candy, pasta, animal protein replacements and industrial uses."

Source: Pea plant talks continue in Moose Jaw – The Western Producer


Saskatchewan harvest nears completion – The Western Producer

"Relatively warm and dry weather allowed many producers in Saskatchewan to wrap up harvest over the past week, according to the provincial crop report released Thursday.

Harvest was at 94 percent complete, up from 89 percent the previous week. Progress remains ahead of the five-year average of 90 percent for this time of year. Producers still combining have said they will only need another week or two of ideal weather to finish harvest.

Harvest was almost fully complete in the southwest where 99 percent of the crop was in the bin. The southeast and west-central regions were slightly behind at 97 percent. The east-central and northeastern areas were at 92 percent and the northwest was at 87 percent combined.

Most of the durum has been harvested with 97 percent combined. There was 96 percent of barley harvested, 95 percent of spring wheat, 94 percent of canaryseed, and 93 percent of canola.

Soybeans and flax still have a ways to go with only 80 percent of soybeans harvested and 79 percent of flax combined."

Source: Saskatchewan harvest nears completion – The Western Producer


AB Crop Conditions as of October 3, 2017

"Over the weekend, an intense and large system delivered cold, wet weather across the province which caused significant snowfall in some areas and brought killing frost to almost all areas across the province (See the map).

The recently wet conditions also increased soil moisture levels, especially, in the Southern and Central Regions, pausing the harvest operations for a short period of time again. Prior to the weekend however, producers were able to take advantage of good weather, with harvest progress up twelve per cent from the past week.

Provincially, about 72 per cent of crops have now been harvested (including all winter wheat, fall rye, dry beans, lentils and chickpeas), 14 per cent are in the swath and another 14 per cent remain standing.

When compared to the 5-year averages (2012–2016), harvest progress is quite advanced in the Southern and Central Regions, but behind in the North East, North West and Peace Regions (See Table 1).

Provincially, nearly 22 per cent of spring wheat, 19 per cent of barley, 38 per cent of oats and eight per cent of canola are still standing. As well, about 35 per cent of the canola across the province are in swath.

Preliminary estimates show dryland yield improving slightly for all Regions and the province as a whole, with the provincial yield index at 97.4 per cent (See Table 2).

Average yields for potatoes on dryland and irrigated fields are estimated at 11.5 and 16.6 tons per acre, respectively.

Yields for irrigated dry beans and sugar beets are reported at 2,400 pounds per acre and 27.0 tonnes per acre, respectively.

Crop quality has been better than normal for most crops, but expected to decline due to frost and snow flattening standing crops.

Protein level in cereals is highly variable, from 10 to 20 per cent in some cases. Provincially, about 92 per cent of hard red spring wheat and 83 per cent of durum wheat are now graded in the top two grades, which is above the 5-year average.

About 26 per cent of barley is eligible for malt and 59 per cent graded as Number 1. For oats, about 59 per cent is graded in the top two grades, which is lower than the 5-year average.

Almost 97 per cent of harvested canola is in the top two grades, with 90 per cent graded as Number 1."

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Source: Crop Conditions as of October 3, 2017


Brazil’s 2017-18 grain output may drop due to weather – The Western Producer

"Brazilian farmers will likely produce a smaller amount of corn and soy in 2017–18 due to less favourable weather than the prior crop year, food supply and statistics agency Conab said on Tuesday.

In its first forecast for the 2017–18 crop, Conab estimated Brazilian total grain production at between 224.1 million tonnes and 228.2 million tonnes, compared with 238.5 million tonnes in the prior cycle. The lower end of the range would represent a six percent drop in output.

The agency predicted Brazil’s soy output at between 106 million tonnes and 108.2 million tonnes in the 2017–18 period, down from 114 million tonnes last year. Conab’s outlook is similar to USDA’s forecast of 107 million tonnes.

Conab said total corn output will range between 92.2 million tonnes and 93.6 million tonnes in 2017–18, down from 97.8 million tonnes in 2016–17. USDA’s forecast is 95 million."

Source: Brazil’s 2017–18 grain output may drop due to weather – The Western Producer


CannTrust cannabis project gets the green light | Greenhouse Canada

"CannTrust Holdings Inc. has received its Health Canada cultivation licence under the ACMPR for its completed 250,000-square-foot Phase 1 redevelopment of its 430,000 square foot Niagara greenhouse facility.

Phase 1 was completed both on budget and on time.

CannTrust expects the first harvest from its Niagara facility in early November, with full utilization from Phase 1 expected in December 2017.

The planned Phase 2 expansion at this facility is anticipated to be completed and in cultivation towards the middle of 2018.

Phase 1 and 2 should conservatively provide the company with an additional 40,000 kilograms of annual growing capacity.

A further expansion at the Niagara facility, which is located on 46 acres of land, is currently under consideration as the company prepares to capitalize on the increased demand expe"

Source: CannTrust cannabis project gets the green light | Greenhouse Canada


MB Crop Report 2017-10-10 | Manitoba Agriculture

"Weekly Provincial Summary

  • Minimal precipitation over much of the province allowed good harvest progress to be made in most parts of Manitoba. 
  • Canola and cereal harvest is complete in most areas, soybeans are nearing completion, and harvest of grain corn and sunflowers is just starting. 
  • Fall field work including post-harvest weed control, fall fertilizer applications, tillage, and soil testing is on-going.  "

Source: Crop Report 2017–10–10 | Manitoba Agriculture


Ont. potato farmers reaching ‘critical point’ in harvest season | Fruit & Vegetable

"It’s potato harvest season once again and as storage bins throughout the area begin to fill up with mounds of taters, some farmers are finding themselves in a bit of a high-wire act to ensure they don’t lose their crops.

Mark Vanoostrum, the supply and quality manager for W.D. Potato in Beeton, said the chipping potatoes harvested so far are revealing the effects of all the wacky weather the area experienced this past summer.

One of the big challenges is making sure the potatoes don’t sit too long and turn bad, so timely co-ordination of shipments to potato chip companies is critical."

Source: Ont. potato farmers reaching ‘critical point’ in harvest season | Fruit & Vegetable


Ontario greenhouse cucumbers now in Asia | Greenhouse Canada

"Ontario greenhouse cucumbers are making waves in Asia. Thanks to recent market development ventures in Hong Kong and mainland China, the results are bearing fruit, or cucumbers, to be more specific.

The Asian market is eager to try greenhouse cucumbers and this new-found market is seeing Ontario’s production expand, creating more jobs and a renewed investment into the provincial agri-food industry.

Looking to grow and diversify their markets for greenhouse cucumbers, the Ontario Greenhouse Vegetable Growers (OGVG) identified Asia as a key opportunity."

Source: Ontario greenhouse cucumbers now in Asia | Greenhouse Canada


Poor fall weather takes toll on EU rapeseed plantings – The Western Producer

"The rapeseed area for next year’s harvest in the European Union could fall slightly as adverse weather prevents some farmers from carrying out all their planned sowings, crop consultancy Strategie Grains said.

The firm’s analysts estimate the area sown with rapeseed for the 2018 harvest at 16.4 million acres, down one percent from the area harvested this summer.

The planting intentions of EU farmers had suggested an increase in rapeseed area due to more attractive prices compared with other crops such as wheat, but drought in southeastern Europe and heavy rain in Germany and elsewhere in northern Europe were expected to limit actual seeding, Strategie Grains said.

Rapeseed is the most widely grown oilseed crop in the EU and is used to produce edible oil, livestock feed and biodiesel fuel."

Source: Poor fall weather takes toll on EU rapeseed plantings – The Western Producer


The Effect of pre-harvest glyphosate on the Quality of Milling Oats | Top Crop Manager

Digital Edition

Straight cutting canola | Top Crop Manager

"To swath or not to swath? That’s the question more and more farmers are asking every year as straight cut canola becomes more common across the Prairies.

For Kevin Bender, who farms in the Sylvan Lake/Bentley area of central Alberta, the question was answered a long time ago. He started straight combining Polish canola back in the early 1990s but swathed his Argentine canola until 2003.

‘In 2003 about one-half of our canola acres became too ripe. One of the fields was really ripe and we didn’t want to swath it, so we went ahead and straight cut it. We had no choice,’ says Bender. ‘It worked so well that it was the last year we swathed canola on our farm.’

Over the years, Bender has seen several risks and rewards of straight cutting.
On the benefits side, he believes he achieves slightly better yield with reduced harvest losses, bigger seed, one less piece of equipment and one less field pass.

On the downside, he’s seen challenges with green material plugging combines, uneven uniformity causing timing problems, and green weeds and plant material in the sample causing heating concerns in storage."

Source: Straight cutting canola | Top Crop Manager


Trouble for Mustard Fans as Drought Cuts Seeds Used in Dijon – Bloomberg

"Foodies beware: the tiny brown seeds used to make high-end Dijon mustard are in short supply and getting more expensive.

Canada, the world’s biggest grower, has been ravaged by drought in its southern Prairie provinces, cutting the harvest of all mustard-crop varieties by half to the smallest in 11 years.

Among the hardest hit are brown mustard seeds, boosting the ingredient cost of the spicy condiment favored by chefs as well as shoppers of brands like Grey Poupon or Maille Dijon Originale.

While Americans eat a lot more yellow mustard on ball-park hot dogs or mixed into salad dressings, European countries are big consumers of the brown variety.

Tighter supplies of seeds from Canada – also the world’s biggest mustard-seed exporter – could hurt food makers in the U.S., the top buyer, as well as major importers including Belgium, France, Japan and Senegal."

Source: Trouble for Mustard Fans as Drought Cuts Seeds Used in Dijon – Bloomberg


ACE 2017: Giving an overview on China’s agrochemicals market | AgroNews

"The AgroChemEx (ACE) in China is a yearly exhibition around the agrochemical industry, organized and carried out by the China Crop Protection Industry Association (CCPIA).

The time of the exhibition is 15–17 October 2017.

It will be held at the Shanghai World Expo Exhibition and Convention Center from 9:00–18:00 on all three days.

With a rising number of attendees and exhibitors, the event gets more popular with industry players coming from countries like Thailand, India, Iran, Turkey, Russia, the USA, Australia, and Germany, among many others.

After all, more than 600 exhibitors are expected to take part in the exhibition in 2017, which includes 80% of Chinas pesticides producers.

Here is an overview of Chinas agrochemical industry to prepare exhibitors and visitors alike for the discussions, negotiations and business talks ahead."

Source: ACE 2017: Giving an overview on China’s agrochemicals market | AgroNews


Africa faces USD 2bn maize deficit if fall armyworm is not properly managed | AgroNews

"Major maize producing economies in Africa might be losing a total of U.S.$2.2 billion to U.S.$5.5 billion a year in maize harvests if the Fall Armyworm, which has been reported in 28 African countries, is not properly managed.

In research carried out by Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI) and funded by the UKs Department for International Development (DFID), it was revealed that the pest, which arrived the continent in 2016, is now presenting a permanent agricultural challenge.

FAW feeds on more than 80 crops, but prefers maize and can cut yields by up to 60 per cent.

Speaking at a side event at the just concluded Africa Green Revolution Forum in Abidjan, Dr Roger Day, CABIs Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Coordinator, said As countries turn to pesticides to reduce the damage, farmers face the risk of the pest developing resistance to treatment, which has become a widespread problem in the Americas.

Biopesticides are a lower risk control option, but few of the biopesticides used in the Americas are yet approved for use in Africa, raising the need for urgent local trials, registration and the development of local production."

Source: Africa faces USD 2bn maize deficit if fall armyworm is not properly managed | AgroNews


APVMA runs 896 tests giving agricultural chemicals the all clear | AgroNews

"The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) has run 896 tests on 16 agricultural chemical products to screen for potential contaminants, with September results coming back 100 per cent compliant.

APVMA Chief Executive Officer, Dr Chris Parker, said the tests are part of the regulator’s comprehensive compliance and monitoring program that ensures registered chemical products continue to provide a safe and effective form of pest control for Australia’s agricultural industries.

‘We tested a range of herbicides and insecticides for the presence of 56 chemical compounds and found all products were free of contaminants,’ Dr Parker said.

‘These results provide confidence to Australian farmers and the general public, that manufacturers are taking their responsibilities seriously and making products that comply with the registered formulation.

‘Good manufacturing practice is built into the production of veterinary medicines supplied in Australia, and these results show consumers can expect the same quality assurance from companies making crop protection products.

‘As the national regulator, the APVMA is all about protecting the health and safety of people, animals and the environment.”

Source: APVMA runs 896 tests giving agricultural chemicals the all clear-Agricultural news-Agropages.com


BASF buys Bayer seeds and pesticide assets | Hortidaily

"In light of the planned acquisition of Monsanto, Bayer has signed an agreement to sell selected Crop Science businesses to BASF for EUR 5.9 billion.

The assets to be sold generated net sales of approximately EUR 1.3 billion in 2016.

‘We are taking an active approach to address potential regulatory concerns, with the goal of facilitating a successful close of the Monsanto transaction,’ explained Werner Baumann, Chairman of the Board of Management of Bayer AG.

‘At the same time, we are pleased that, in BASF, we have found a strong buyer for our businesses that will continue to serve the needs of growers and offer our employees long-term prospects.’

The transaction is subject to regulatory approvals as well as the successful closing of Bayer’s acquisition of Monsanto.

The assets to be sold include Bayer’s global glufosinate-ammonium business and the related LibertyLink technology for herbicide tolerance, essentially all of the company’s field crop seeds businesses, as well as respective research and development capabilities.

The seeds businesses being divested include the global cotton seed business (excluding India and South Africa), the North American and European canola seed businesses and the soybean seed business.

The transaction includes the transfer of relevant intellectual property and facilities, as well as more than 1,800 employees primarily in the United States, Germany, Brazil, Canada and Belgium.

As part of the agreement, BASF has committed to maintain all permanent positions, under similar conditions, for at least three years after closing of the transaction."

Source: BASF buys Bayer seeds and pesticide assets


BASF to buy Bayer’s seed, herbicide businesses for $7 billion – The Western Producer

"BASF has agreed to buy seed and herbicide businesses from Bayer for 5.9 billion euros (US$7 billion) in cash, as Bayer tries to convince competition authorities to approve its planned acquisition of Monsanto.

BASF, the world’s third-largest maker of crop chemicals, has so far avoided seed assets and instead pursued research into plant characteristics such as drought tolerance, which it sells or licenses out to seed developers.

But Bayer’s $66 billion deal to buy Monsanto, announced in September 2016, has created opportunities for rivals to snatch up assets that need to be sold to satisfy competition authorities.

Bayer said it would use the proceeds to partly refinance the Monsanto acquisition. It plans to raise $19 billion towards the deal by issuing convertible bonds and new shares, and has lined up as much as $57 billion of bridge financing from banks.

Baader Helvea analyst Markus Mayer said a higher-than-expected valuation of the assets up for sale could mean Bayer now needs to raise less than $10 billion from the sale of new shares, which would be a positive surprise.

Bayer had offered to sell assets worth around $2.5 billion. The European Commission said in August that the divestments offered by Bayer so far did not go far enough and started an in-depth investigation of the deal.

Bayer has to sell the LibertyLink-branded seeds and Liberty herbicide businesses, which generated 2016 sales of 1.3 billion euros, because they compete with Monsanto’s Roundup weed killer and Roundup Ready seeds.

LibertyLink seeds, used by soy, cotton and canola growers, are one alternative to Roundup Ready seeds for farmers suffering from weeds that have developed resistance to the Roundup herbicide, also known as glyphosate.

The spread of Roundup-resistant weeds in North America has been a major driver behind Liberty sales.

‘BASF’s decision to acquire seeds assets represents something of a change to its prior view on its needs to respond to recent industry consolidation in agriculture,’ Morgan Stanley analysts said.

‘Nonetheless, the proposed assets for acquisition are high margin and high growth and represent a sensible bolt-on addition,’ they added.

BASF chief executive Kurt Bock told a conference call he would look at further acquisition opportunities in the seeds sector as well but said it would take ‘two to tango’.

The group is also expected to look at other assets – such as vegetable seeds – that Bayer may be forced to divest, a person close to the matter said.

Initially, shares of Bayer and BASF rose on news of the deal.

The sale to BASF values Bayer’s assets at around 15 times 2016 operating profit (EBITDA) of 385 million euros, which analysts said was reasonable compared with multiples of 19.3 for ChemChina’s takeover of Syngenta and more than 20 for Dow’s tie-up with DuPont.

BASF will finance the acquisition through a combination of cash on hand, commercial paper and bonds."

Source: BASF to buy Bayer’s seed, herbicide businesses for $7 billion – The Western Producer


Biobest informs pepper growers: new developments with degenerans | Biobest

"In protected pepper crops, growers tend to introduce a broad array of beneficials, in different combinations. Biobest Nederland recently organized two workshops in order to provide growers with up to date and complete information. The workshops were held on October 15 and December 10, 2014 in the Biobest offices in De Lier. The predatory mite A. degenerans received quite a bit of attention.

Irene van Schie, technical advisor at Biobest Nederland, started with an overview: of the beneficial insects and mites that are typically used in pepper. She covered different introduction strategies and discussed their pro’s and con’s. ‘Growers must take into account different factors’, says Irene. ‘There can be differences between pepper varieties. Some predatory mites are highly mobile while others remain near the release spot. Differences in sensitivity to pesticides need to be taken into account. And certain beneficials are not compatible because one species may predate on the other.’ "

Source: Biobest informs pepper growers: new developments with degenerans | Biobest


BioNovelus’ CR-10 blooms from innovation to market-Agricultural news-Agropages.com

"After months of trials conducted in partnership with several companies in the crop protection, post-harvest, and food security spaces, BioNovelus (ONOV) announces the beginning of the commercialization of its eco-friendly, Biofungicide CR–10.

CR–10 Biofungicide is a proven, biodegradable, non-toxic solution that kills bacteria, fungi, and spores rapidly, safely and effectively. It is a new generation of biofungicide with a unique mode of action. BioNovelus management believes that CR–10 has a broad range of uses in crop protection before harvest, as well as in post-harvest protection, and food security.

Quantities of CR–10 have been sold to Agrinco for distribution in Guatemala. This is a huge step for BioNovelus, says Jean Ekobo, President and CEO of BioNovelus, Inc. Just a few months ago we were still working on finding corporations forward-thinking enough to test this innovative product in their fields as well as processing and packing centers. We have come a long way from being a bold and inspiring new innovation straight out of the lab to now launching this product into the market."

Source: BioNovelus CR–10 blooms from innovation to market | AgroNews


Brazil Anvisa bans paraquat | AgroNews

"At the Regular Public Meeting held on Tuesday (September 19th), the ANVISA Collegiate Board (DICOL) concluded the toxicological re-evaluation of the active ingredient Paraquat, started in 2008 and has since than extensively studied by the Agency and discussed with the regulated sector and the society. The decision is for banning the product after three years of phase-out.

Paraquat is an herbicide with authorized agricultural use for post-emergence application of weeds and as a desiccant in several crops, including cotton, corn and soybean.

It is important to note that the risks arising from the use of the product (mutagenicity and Parkinsons disease) are restricted to workers handling the product, so that the general population is not susceptible to exposure to food. There is no evidence that the use of Paraquat residues remain in food."

Source: Brazil Anvisa bans paraquat | AgroNews


Crop protection products on the line as MEPs reject endocrine disruptor definition | AgroNews

"The farming industry could be set to lose numerous pesticides and herbicides after the European Parliament voted to deny the Commissions definition of endocrine disruptors.

The European Parliament blocked an EU Commission proposal which would have exempted some chemicals in pesticides from being identified as endocrine disruptors.

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses. These disruptions can cause cancerous tumours, birth defects, and other developmental disorders.

MEPs say that the Commission exceeded its mandate by proposing to exempt substances which are designed to attack an organisms endocrine system, e.g. in pests, from the identification criteria.

The objection was approved by 389 votes to 235, with 70 abstentions, producing the absolute majority needed to block the proposal.

The European Commission will therefore have to draft a new version of the text, taking into account Parliaments input."

Source: Crop protection products on the line as MEPs reject endocrine disruptor definition | AgroNews


EU delays vote on glyphosate’s renewal issue | AgroNews

"Health experts from European Union countries [were] expected to discuss whether or not to extend the license for herbicide glyphosate at a meeting starting on October 5, but will only vote on the issue later this year.

Europe has been debating for two years whether to allow glyphosate , used in Monsantos Roundup, with no clear majority of countries for or against a license extension and concerns that it is carcinogenic.

The EU granted an 18-month extension in July 2016 pending further scientific study after failing to agree on a proposed 15-year license renewal.

The European Chemical Agency concluded in March that glyphosate, one of the worlds most heavily used weed killers, should not be classified as causing cancer.

The European Commission is now proposing a 10-year extension, but said this will only pass if supported by a clear majority of member states. The standing committee on plant animal food and feed (PAFF), meeting on last Thursday and Friday, had been expected to vote on the license for glyphosate but that vote will not now take place."

Source: EU delays vote on glyphosates renewal issue | AgroNews


EU farm bodies call for long-term glyphosate licence | AgroNews

"EU farming unions Copa and Cogeca have stepped up their action to have the herbicide glyphosate re-authorised for fifteen years.

Ahead of talks next week, the representative bodies called on Member States to re-authorise the widely used weed killer, particularly as both the European Food Safety Authority and the European Chemicals Agency have given it a positive assessment

Copa and Cogeca secretary-general Pekka Pesonen said: We have strong scientific evidence from both EFSA and ECHA to support the re-authorization of this widely-used active substance for 15 years as there are no safety concerns.

‘Its use is also essential together with catch crops to prevent soil erosion and reduce greenhouse gas emissions,’ he added, warning that leaving a long-term question mark over it would put EU farmers in a less competitive and uncertain position vis a vis their competitors in non-EU countries.

"

Source: EU farm bodies call for long-term glyphosate licence | AgroNews


European Commission calls for more sustainable use of pesticides in EU | AgroNews

"The European Commission is calling for more sustainable use of pesticides in the EU with the publication of a new report taking stock of progress made by the EU Member States in applying measures to reduce the risks and impacts of pesticides.

The report on Member State National Action Plans and on progress in the implementation of Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides indicates insufficient implementation of the Directive to date.

Even careful, authorised use of pesticides can result in residues being detected in surface waters, groundwaters and tap water supplied to consumers. The surface waters, groundwater and tap water must comply with statutory quality standards established for chemical substances. The fact that even tiny amounts of pesticides are detected, or that there is a rising trend in detections can, potentially, result in countries failing to comply with EU water quality legislation.

Pesticides which result in EU water quality standards being compromised include metaldehyde (used for slug control) and herbicides used to protect oilseed rape crops.

Metaldehyde is a particularly problematic substance and is difficult to remove from raw water used to supply consumers by normal treatment processes. Water companies may be required to shut down supply from the polluted source when the extent of contamination is sufficiently severe."

Source: EuropeanCommission calls for more sustainable use of pesticides in EU | AgroNews

Metaldehyde is used in slug baits and sprays, and probably the best product for that use.


European Parliament rejects proposed pesticide rules on endocrine disruptors | AgroNews

"The European Parliament has voted down a proposal from the European Commission to regulate those pesticides that may interfere with human hormones.

The European Commission will have to draft a new text, which is already four years overdue, as opinions diverge across the EU on the potential restrictions to impose on those chemicals.

The Commission had proposed a set of scientific criteria to determine which chemicals should be classified as endocrine disruptors, leading to their use being restricted or banned. The proposal excluded those pesticides specifically designed to act on the hormones of parasites.

An objection arguing that proposing this exemption exceeds the Commissions remits won on a majority of 389 votes to 235 (with 70 abstentions) in a plenary vote last Wednesday, the European Parliament announced in a statement."

Source: European Parliament rejects proposed pesticide rules on endocrine disruptors | AgroNews


Neonicotinoid pesticides in honey | AgroNews

"Researchers reported in the journal Science last week that tests for five neonicotinoid compounds found at least one in 75% of honey samples from 198 sites around the world.

The team reports that concentrations were at levels below the maximum threshold allowed for human consumption.

The researchers say their work helps to assess global exposure of pollinators to neonicotinoids, providing scientists with an inventory of the most frequent combinations.

They call on national authorities to make public data on pesticide use, to enable further work on any correlation between local events and pesticide load.

Mitchell et al., 2017. A worldwide survey of neonicotinoids in honey. Science 358: 109–111

Source: Neonicotinoid pesticides in honey-Agricultural news-Agropages.com


Nufarm introduces Grapple herbicide for vineyard, orchard crops | AgroNews

"Nufarm Americas, Inc. introduces the new herbicide Grapple with the active ingredient rimsulfuron to provide good broad spectrum preemergent and post-emergent weed control on a wide range of crops in vineyards and orchards.

Nufarm says Grapple provides a more complete weed control program, particularly when used in combination with Tuscany SC for producers who grow tree fruit, tree nuts, grapes, and citrus.

Grapple delivers lasting performance on preemergent and post-emergent troublesome weeds including barnyard grass, redroot, smooth pigweed, puncturevine, and common purslane, the company says.

Grapple provides long-lasting residual control to keep the ground clean.

Tank-mix compatibility with a wide range of preemergent herbicides can provide added weed control."

Source: Nufarm introduces Grapple herbicide for vineyard, orchard crops | AgroNews


Record Soy carryover in Argentina expected to pressure prices | AgroNews

"Farmers in Argentina are currently planting their 2017/18 corn crop and getting ready to start planting their soybeans.

The springtime weather in Argentina has been wetter than normal, but it has started to dry out somewhat over the last few weeks.

Weather is not the only thing Argentine farmers are worried about, they are also concerned about low soybean prices.

According to the Rosario Grain Exchange (BCR), the soybean carryover in Argentina this year will be a record 16 million tons.

This large carryover is expected to help keep a lid on domestic soybean prices.

The soybean carryover last year was approximately 11 million tons, which at the time was a record large carryover.

Low domestic soybean prices continue to encourage Argentine farmers to hold onto their soybeans with many farmers purchasing silo bags to store their soybeans.

They are hoping for improved prices of course, but it remains to be seen if prices will improve significantly any time soon.

Farmers in Argentina are also waiting for the current 30% export tax on soybeans to start declining in January of 2018.

The Argentine government has committed to start reducing the soybean export tax by 0.5% per month starting next January.

So even if the international price of soybeans does not improve, at least the tax burden will start to decline in January."

Source: Record Soy carryover in Argentina expected to pressure prices | AgroNews


Specialty crop and minor-use pesticide prioritization set for 2018 by IR-4- | AgroNews

"Participants at the 2017 IR–4 Food Use Workshop identified the most important research projects for the 2018 IR–4 food-use research program.

The IR–4 Project (Interregional Research Project No.4) has been facilitating registration of sustainable pest management technology for specialty crops and minor uses.

Since 1963, the IR–4 Project has been the major resource for supplying pest management tools for specialty crop growers by developing research data to support new EPA tolerances and labeled product uses.

Specialty crop research needs are prioritized each year during a national workshop since resources are limited, according to IR–4.

Research priority As for the year 2018 field program for fruits, vegetables, nuts, field and oil crops, herbs and other miscellaneous crops in the United States and Canada were selected at the Food Use Workshop September 2021, 2017, in Denver, Colorado.

About 130 people attended the two-day meeting: specialty crop researchers, extension specialists, representatives of commodity and industry groups across the country and personnel from EPA, USDA, IR–4 plus the AAFC (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada that conducts Canadian counterpart of minor use program), and PMRA (Pest Management Regulatory Agency, i.e., Canadian counterpart of U.S. EPA).

For Michigans fruit and vegetable interest, the workshop was attended by MSUs Bernard Zandstra, Satoru Miyazaki, John Wise, Mary Hausbeck and Lynnae Jess.

Representing Michigan growers group was Dave Trinka (blueberry)."

Source: Specialty crop and minor-use pesticide prioritization set for 2018 by IR–4 | AgroNews


Thailand’s proposed ban on paraquat and chlorpyrifos affect China | AgroNews

"Thailand is getting closer to ban the pesticides paraquat and chlorpyrifos, due to safety concerns.

As the list of banning countries grows, Chinese manufacturers, who are heavily dependent on exports, have to consider there destinations carefully and adjust on time.

According to Agribusiness Global, Thailand has done the next step in banning the use of paraquat and chlorpyrifos, when the Ministry of Public Health together with some NGOs have called for governments back-up in supporting the ban by 2019.

However, some backwind already came from the Department of Agriculture by claiming the proposed time of effect by 2019 would be too tight to be realistically achievable.

The currently existing licenses of the two pesticides will run out in 2019 and cannot be renewed again.

As a result, from 2019 onwards, paraquat and chlorpyrifos will be prohibited to use in Thailand."

Source: Thailands proposed ban on paraquat and chlorpyrifos affect China | AgroNews


US EPA established temporary tolerances for tolfenpyrad | AgroNews

"The US EPA has established time-limited tolerances for residues of insecticide tolfenpyrad in or on dry bulb onion [at 0.09 parts per million (ppm)] and watermelon (at 0.7 ppm), which is effective October 10, 2017.

This action is in response to EPAs granting of emergency exemptions under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) authorizing use of the pesticide on dry bulb onion and watermelon.

The time-limited tolerances expire on December 31, 2020.

The Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA) stated that an emergency situation required the use of tolfenpyrad on dry bulb onions (Allium cepa) to control onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) in the Texas counties of Cameron, Dimmitt, Frio, Hidalgo, Maverick, Starr, Uvalde, Willacy and Zavala.

According to TDA, this years exceptionally mild winter and record high heat caused the development of large populations of onion thrips, a principle pest of onions, early in the onion crop cycle.

The threshold level for applying pesticides to control thrips in onions is 5 to 25 thrips per plant, and TDA stated that over 100 thrips per plant were observed in Texas dry bulb onion fields in early March, 2017."

Source: US EPA established temporary tolerances for tolfenpyrad | AgroNews


Wynca’s relocated annual 30,000-ton glyphosate technical project put into trial production | AgroNews

"A recent report issued by Wynca stated that the company’s relocated annual 30,000-ton glyphosate technical project has started its trial production. 

On an earlier date, Wynca decided to move its entire production facility in Bainanshan Industrial Park (annual 30,000-ton glyphosate technical, 60,000-ton organosilicon monomer and part of organosilicon downstream product) to the Ma’nan High-Tech Industrial Park in Xiaya Town, Jiande city.

Moreover, the main construction works of the company’s newly established annual 100,000-ton organosilicon monomer project was completed this July, and was put into overall commissioning, in parallel with the company’s existing annual 100,000-ton organosilicon monomer production line.

The project completion acceptance is underway and the test run will take place in mid-October."

Source: Wynca’s relocated annual 30,000-ton glyphosate technical project put into trial production | AgroNews


Dairy Relocations Causing Milk Surplus in South Dakota | Agweb.com

"Whether it’s a lack of labor or the cost of doing business, some dairies are searching for a new home. States like South Dakota are not only welcoming those diaries with open arms, but they are working diligently to recruit those dairies to their home turf.

Relocation efforts are so successful that it spurred a new problem, a milk surplus. Now, state dairy leaders are working to find that milk a home.

Michelle Rook reports for AgDay."

Source: Dairy Relocations Causing Milk Surplus in South Dakota | Agweb.com


eCommerce leaps boost Wal-Mart outlook | Produce Retailer

"Bentonville, Ark.-based Wal-Mart Stores Inc.

has been getting a lot of ink about out-of-the-norm innovations when it comes to eCommerce, like having employees deliver orders – even to a customer’s refrigerator.

But where the retailers has made leaps and bounds – 40% year over year growth in online sales – has investors upbeat about the company’s outlook.

During the company’s investor meeting held Oct.

10, Marc Lore, president and CEO of Walmart eCommerce U.S. said the company plans to offer grocery pickup at more than 2,000 locations, and grocery will help the company reach more general merchandise shoppers."

Source: eCommerce leaps boost Wal-Mart outlook | Produce Retailer


Farmers Likely to Plant More Corn in 2018 | Successful Farming

"After back-to-back records in soybean acreage and production, farmers are likely to plant more corn in 2018, possibly enough for the second-largest corn crop ever, says a University of Missouri think tank.

‘The outlook for corn returns has improved relative to those for soybeans,’ says FAPRI chief Pat Westhoff.

FAPRI projects corn plantings of 93.2 million acres, a gain of 2.3 million acres, while soybean acreage would slip to 86 million, down by 2.5 million acres but still the second-largest acreage ever.

Futures prices were more supportive for corn in early fall than they were when farmers finalized planting plans last spring, and fertilizer prices are lower than a year earlier, says Westhoff.

Crop rotation patterns also suggest it’s time to cycle out of beans.

FAPRI estimates that this year’s record-setting soybean crop will result in a season-average price of $9.07 a bushel, more than 40¢ below the 2016 crop’s average, another nudge toward corn.

USDA says there will be a price decline but not as severe."

Source: Farmers Likely to Plant More Corn in 2018 | Successful Farming


Florida Ranchers Lose $238 Million to Irma | Drovers

"Hurricane Irma cost Florida’s cattle ranchers $238 million.

That’s based on preliminary data from the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

Overall, Florida saw $2.5 billion in damage to agriculture from Irma last month, NASS estimates.

More than 1.7 million cattle and calves graze approximately 6.5 million acres in Florida, with annual sales of $549 million.

A statewide survey of ranches following the hurricane revealed the following losses:
An estimated 100 dead animals, each with a market value of $800, at a loss of $80,000.

An estimated 187,000 calves awaiting to be shipped to out-of-state feedlots, currently in stressful conditions, will each lose about 50 lbs in weight (loss of $75 per calf), with losses valued at $14,025,000."

Source: Florida Ranchers Lose $238 Million to Irma | Drovers


Health-Care Mess Makes Farming Even Riskier – Bloomberg

"From doctors’ and hospitals’ groups to the AARP, the opposition to Republican bills to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act has been widespread.

One group of Americans who have been watching the campaign against Obamacare closely: farmers.

In a recent survey led by the University of Vermont, three out of four U.S.

farmers and ranchers said health insurance was an important or very important risk management strategy for their businesses. The vast majority—92 percent—said they had health insurance in 2016.

That’s about the same as the general population, at 91 percent.

But insurance plays a special role in farming, one of the most dangerous industries in the country, and one that plays a vital, if often distant, role in every American’s life.

About 100 agricultural workers a day are injured on the job.

When Taylor Hutchinson of Footprint Farm in Starkville, Vt., was cutting lumber for the farm’s first greenhouse, she got a piece of pressure-treated wood sawdust in her eye, sending her to the emergency room.

Thanks to her Medicaid coverage, she didn’t have to pay out of pocket. "

Source: Health-Care Mess Makes Farming Even Riskier – Bloomberg

This one got punted back to Congress, who now have the onerous task of ‘fixing’ all of the things that Trump and the Republicans want to fix.


Hortifrut buys Peru’s Talsa SA | Packer

"Hortifrut has signed a merger agreement with Peru-based berry supplier Talsa SA. 

The agreement, according to Hortifrut website, is worth $160 million and will allow Hortifrut to expand blueberry production in Peru to about 5,400 acres.

With the added acreage — now nearly three times the company’s previous aacreage in Peru — Hortifrut’s exports of blueberries from the country could reach 45,000 metric tons annually, according to the release.

Under the terms of the deal, Hortifrut will take over Talsa’s operations in Peru, and Talsa’s ownership will receive about 17% of the shares of the combined company, according to the release."

Source: Hortifrut buys Peru’s Talsa SA | Packer


Low Commodity Prices Spur Senate Interest in Idling Cropland | Successful Farming

"Senators from the Plains and Upper Midwest pressed for expansion of the long-term CRP during a friendly confirmation hearing for Bill Northey, the USDA nominee who would run the program as agriculture undersecretary.

Chairman Pat Roberts said the Agriculture Committee would clear the nominations of Northey and Gregory Ibach ‘as expeditiously as we can’ for a vote by the full Senate.

‘Both Mr. Ibach and Mr. Northey have valuable boots-on-the-ground experience. They are both farmers,’ said Roberts.

Northey, currently Iowa’s elected agriculture secretary, was nominated for undersecretary for farm production and conservation, which oversees farm subsidies, crop insurance, and land stewardship. Ibach, Nebraska’s appointed agriculture director, was nominated for undersecretary for marketing and regulation with a portfolio that ranges from GMO labeling and check-off programs to agencies that combat agricultural pests and diseases."

Source: Low Commodity Prices Spur Senate Interest in Idling Cropland | Successful Farming


Market wrap: USDA bullish for oilseeds, bearish for wheat – The Western Producer

"SOYBEAN SUPPLY FALLS

Soybeans closed up 2.77 percent, fueled mostly by a 3.7 percent increase in soy meal futures, but soy oil rose only 0.49 percent.

The trade generally thought the USDA would raise its soybean and corn yield forecasts but the report lowered the soybean yield to 49.5 bu. per acre from 49.9 last month. On average, the trade expected 50 bu. per acre.

The total soy production number 4.431 billion bu. did not change because USDA raised its estimate of harvested area.

But it trimmed by 45 million bushels its estimate of 2016–17 year end soy stocks to 430 million bu. and when that was worked into the supply and demand spreadsheet for 2017–18 it also resulted in a 45 million bu. decline in the ending stocks for the new crop year as well.

USDA also lowered its forecast for global 2017–18 year end stocks by about 1.5 million tonnes to 96.05 million tonnes.

Soybeans also got support from continuing dryness in Brazil’s northern soybean growing area. Southern areas are getting rain.

US CANOLA

U.S. canola growers harvested 20 percent more acres this year but yields were down 24 percent.

The bottom line is a forecast of 1.27 million tonnes of production, down nine percent from 1.4 million last year.

CORN

Corn firmed despite the USDA raising its U.S. corn yield estimate to 171.8 bu. per acre, above even the highest in a range of trade estimates.

WHEAT PRODUCTION RISES

Wheat futures fell as the USDA raised its production forecast for the European Union, Countries of the former Soviet Union and Canada."

Source: Market wrap: USDA bullish for oilseeds, bearish for wheat – The Western Producer


Senate Confirms Censky and McKinney as Senior USDA Executives | Successful Farming

"One day after a committee cleared their nominations, the Senate confirmed by voice vote Steve Censky as deputy agriculture secretary and Ted McKinney as undersecretary for trade, the first Trump appointees to reach USDA since April. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue welcomed the new members of his executive team and urged the Senate to act on other USDA nominees.

The Agriculture Committee has scheduled a hearing for Thursday on Bill Northey, nominated for undersecretary for farm production and conservation, and Gregory Ibach, nominated for undersecretary for regulation and marketing.

Senate Democrats have threatened an all-out fight on the remaining Trump nominee for agriculture undersecretary, Sam Clovis, who also would serve as chief scientist without a pedigree in ag research or education."

Source: Senate Confirms Censky and McKinney as Senior USDA Executives | Successful Farming


What Happens if the U.S. Fails to Strike NAFTA 2.0 Deal? – News | Agweb.com

"Leaders from Canada, Mexico and the United States are meeting in Washington, D.C. to kick off round 4 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) talks Wednesday.

As the trade talks come full circle, convening back in Washington after kicking off there, many ag leaders are growing impatient with the slow progress being the product of the first three rounds.

National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) CEO Chandler Goule is pressing the current administration on why so much time is spent on renegotiating current deals- instead of focusing on ways to bolster trade through new agreements.

“USTR has limited resources,” said Goule. “It’s time to get past plowing the same fields and start opening ground in new markets. Right now, we are standing around watching the world pass us by on trade agreements.”

Pursuing new markets is the focus of a new campaign. “Farmers for Free Trade” is a recently launched campaign, chaired by former Senators Max Baucus (D-Montana) and Richard Lugar (R-Ind.), to drum up local support for trade. American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF) is joining the campaign this week, making it clear a bipartisan effort is the only route to build trade.

When leaders from the campaign were pressed on whether the U.S. should rework current deals or put energy toward new agreement, the leaders were in unison about focusing on new."

Source: What Happens if the U.S. Fails to Strike NAFTA 2.0 Deal? – News | Agweb.com


Canada-EU free trade deal now in force – The Western Producer

"When the Canadian government was selling the free trade deal with the European Union to the public, it repeatedly mentioned one of the benefits being the elimination of duties on wheat and durum.

It said the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) would wipe out tariffs of up to $122 per tonne on wheat and up to $190 per tonne on durum.

What the government failed to mention is that those tariffs were not being applied on durum and high quality wheat; just low to medium quality wheat.

So growers shouldn’t expect a big uptick in sales to the EU now that CETA is in force.

However, it is still a relief that the tariffs will be completely eliminated over the next seven years, said Cam Dahl, president of Cereals Canada.

That is because the EU could implement the tariffs at any time if the market price of wheat becomes out of whack with the EU’s inter-vention price.

‘We’ve seen that recently happen in Japan in beef where we had that snap-back tariff come in place on Canadian beef and significantly reduce our access to Japan,’ said Dahl."

Source: Canada-EU free trade deal now in force – The Western Producer


Canada Crop Protection

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